In that way, the farmer has control over crops and can estimate and analyse the most efficient way to cultivate the field and get the best farming results. Interestingly, a lot of sensors can be connected to agricultural machines to deliver the most valuable data – soil conditions, humidity, chemical composition, the quality and health condition of crops, parasites and so on. This information helps to adjust the quantity of fertilizers and use them only in those places where it is necessary. Based on complex data, analyses and predictions, one can prevent pests and diseases.
Another example of a smart IoT application is the energy sector. There are many examples of how utilities leverage data from connected devices. This includes smart meters and thermostats to help reduce consumption and operate the grid more efficiently.
Moreover, the IoT has a great impact on renewable energy development. Nowadays, there is a one-way transfer of energy from power stations to our homes and cities. Embedded systems and smart grids enable multidirectional transfer of energy allowing people to control their own energy, including selling the energy they produce and providing a backup scenario in case of blackouts.
The next great example of how IoT solutions can support renewable energy sector is the concept of a matrix power grid. Instead of using energy from one power station, matrix power grid involves using several power connections shared with your nearest neighbours. In this case, embedded devices can control, optimize and manage the entire energy circuit.
By having advanced sensors and specially prepared software, we can extract data from everything and use it to predict most disasters like forest fires, air pollution, chemical leakage in rivers, earthquakes and avalanches. The IoT technology could significantly alleviate problems of natural disasters and starvation, as well as many other troubles in the world.